Alleged Out of Place Fossils and Artifacts

(C) 2006, Glen J. Kuban

Strict creationists have often cited supposed "out of place" artifacts or fossils (sometimes referred to as "oopa"s or "oopart"s) as evidence against the standard geologic timetable. The objects in question have including alleged human footprints in Mesozoic and Paleozoic rocks, human bones and man-made objects in coal, and even a supposed human sandal print in Cambrian rock. However, none of these have proven reliable upon careful study, and as far as I know, no major creationist groups currently endorse such claims. One of the largest creationist groups, AIG (Answers in Genesis), has been candid enough to acknowledge that past claims of this nature have not been well supported. An article on AIG's website states: "We can only concur that there is no definite unequivocal evidence of human remains in those rock strata that can definitely be identified as Flood sediments." (Batten et al, 2005). In a similar article strict creationist Andrew Snelling writes in Creation magazine: "As far as we are aware at the present time, there are no indisputable human fossils in the fossil record that we could say belong to the pre-Flood human culture(s)." (Snelling, 1991).


Paluxy "Man Track" Controversy by Glen Kuban
- Addresses alleged human tracks in ancient rocks, and other supposed out-of-place prints, fossils, and artifacts.

Anomalous Fossils, by Jim Foley
Addresses claims of out-of-place human skulls and skeletons

The "Cosco artifact" by Pierre Stromberg and Paul V. Heinrich

Alleged polystrate fossils by Andrew MacRae and Darby South

Alleged Carboniferous Bones, by Andrew MacRae


Batten, Don, Ken Ham, Jonathan Sarfati, and Carl Wieland, 2006, Where are all the Human Fossils? Web version at: Another version of the article appears on the website at:, indicated to be an excerpt from Creation Magazine, Dec 91-Feb 92, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 28-33.

Snelling, Andrew, 1991 (Dec). Where are all the human fossils? Creation 14(1):28-33. Web version at: